With more attention in the media, plastic surgery and facelifts have been associated with the unnatural, pulled and stretched look. Recently, there have been two areas of thought that are making a big impact in helping people look younger in a natural way.
With the increased attention to facelifts and plastic surgery in the media, plastic surgeons and their community have felt pressure to improve the results that are being displayed nationally.
One area that has made major improvements is our understanding of facial beauty. For hundreds of years, plastic surgeons have used theories from Leonardo Da Vinci to explain what people find beautiful in the face. The neoclassical canons, as they are referred to, use external landmarks like the corner of the eye or the hairline to explain the basic elements of beauty. Recently, many studies are showing that Da Vinci’s theories are incorrect and that something different defines beauty. These older theories may have been inaccurate because they are based on landmarks people spend little time concentrating on when they see a face. One study, called the Circles of Prominence, defines beauty based on what people spend most of their time looking at. What this particular theory finds is that the iris is the key to understanding beauty. Because people spend so much time looking at the iris, all shapes within the face have some relation to the size and shape of the iris.
Another area of advancement lies in the improved understanding of the aging process. Traditionally, facial plastic surgery has been based on reductive approaches, procedures that concentrate on cutting or reducing tissue. For years, it was believed that aging was a drooping phenomenon and also a process, whereby, people gained tissue in the face as they age. The answer has long been that plastic surgeons needed to either lift or cut away the tissues to make someone look better. As seen in the media, this approach has led to some unnatural and obvious surgical results. Facelifts look pulled and stretched. Browlifts make people look surprised. However, aging is largely due to a volume loss. It is akin to a grape changing to a raisin. This process is more complicated than a straight inferior descent that was once thought. With volume loss, the grape and face move inward and downward. Traditional procedures have long pulled the tissues upward and backward when they really should have been moving the tissues upward and outward. The upward and outward movement is the exact reverse path of the aging process.
Source: Dr Philip Young
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